Charlotte City Council is set to vote on the proposed Unified Development Ordinance on Monday, Aug. 22. Here’s what you need to know about the UDO, what changed since the last public hearing in July, and what comes next.
Refresher: Here’s what Charlotte’s UDO does and why it matters
There are numerous environmental, economic, and other benefits of the UDO. In alignment with the Comprehensive Plan's goals, the UDO will increase the diversity of housing opportunities and create a platform for equitable and safe mobility while developing tighter regulations around the natural environment, preserving neighborhood character, and bringing economic opportunities.
City staff released the first draft of the UDO nearly a year ago, followed by the second draft on June 3, 2022. On July 11, City Council held a public hearing on the second draft, and a final vote is set for Aug. 22.
Below is an example of how changes have been implemented across different drafts of the UDO. The green highlights illustrate the changes implemented in the most recent draft released on Aug. 15. The blue and red changes have been implemented with the second draft of the UDO.
What changed in the final draft of Charlotte’s UDO?
The second draft received 290 comments. Based on that feedback, city staff recommended 70 minor changes. Many changes are corrections of errors and misspellings, but we’ll share a few of the more substantive changes.
- Added detailed targets to the affordable housing allowances to clarify the requirements for developers to qualify for allowances. For example, the units must remain affordable for at least 30 years. The developer must also provide at least five affordable housing units to qualify for the allowance. The allowance amount will be contingent upon different area median income levels.
- Adjustments of setbacks (in most cases, bringing the buildings closer to the sidewalk) were made for Neighborhood 2 and Campus districts.
- Specific uses for research campuses (RC-1 zoning district): This is the first appearance of these usages in the Use Table since this is a whole new district. The Research Campus district is a large-scale campus composed of mixed uses to support the needs of workers, residents, and visitors, all with a pedestrian-oriented urban design.
- New definitions, including “EV charging stations” and “pedestrian,” have been added to the new draft of the UDO. The definition of a “pedestrian” has been expanded to include residents with disabilities.
- The section of the UDO that discusses open space requirements for site development has been adjusted to exclude stream buffers and tree save areas from the list of spaces that don’t count toward the open space requirements. In other words, if a developer would like to build in a zoning district with a requirement to provide open space, they can use stream buffers already located in the parcel to satisfy this requirement.
The final draft was released on Aug. 15. It includes a recommendation from the Planning Commission's Planning Committee to require conditional rezoning in addition to defined conditions already outlined in the UDO for all gas stations and car repair facilities in zoning districts where such use is allowed.
Our take on the changes to Charlotte's UDO
Sustain Charlotte submitted a list of recommended changes to the second draft of the UDO in July. Although the final recommendations from planning staff do not include many of the items we asked for, such as reduced or removed parking minimums near transit stations, we saw some small victories. Those include:
- Tier 2 (requires a minimum of off-street parking and sets a maximum number of spaces) parking maximums now apply to both parking lots and parking structures (identical to Tier 3).
- Alternative parking near existing transit stations will allow any property within one-half mile of an existing rapid transit station to use the Tier 3 parking standards.
- Tier 3 (require no parking minimums except for a limited number of uses near Neighborhood 1 and have parking maximums) required parking minimums may be reduced or eliminated with a city parking permit program or parking study/strategy to reduce parking demand to be approved by the planning director.
These changes directly result from our efforts and many of you who spoke up throughout this process.
It’s worth noting that some council members are proposing a delay in the provision that would allow housing for two or three families — duplexes and triplexes — to be built in areas currently zoned for single-family-only housing until an anti-displacement study is completed.
However, displacement is already rampant. Right now, many older single-family homes are being replaced by larger, more expensive single-family homes, displacing existing residents.
We’re urging City Council to pass the UDO without any amendments that delay the implementation of the policies intended to create more housing.
With your help, we will continue working to maximize walkability and safety for people who walk, bike, and ride transit. We will work to support the strengthening of affordability and for the city to implement antidisplacement strategies as the UDO implementation moves forward.
What happens next?
On Aug. 22, City Council will vote on this final draft. If adopted, the ordinance will be effective on June 1, 2023. That’s a long time, but city staff says that’s so internal preparations can be made, developers can familiarize themselves with the new rules, and minor text corrections can be made.
An important step that’s related to the UDO will be the creation of community area plans. This work which will take place over the next couple of years, will update the policy map and directly inform city staff on the alignment rezonings. The area planning work of residents and staff will more closely align our vision of the future with our zoning on the ground.
Sustain Charlotte will continue to advocate for equitable development regulations that allow Charlotte to become more walkable and offer more housing options while also protecting our tree canopy and access to open space. And we will continue to push for changes, including a quicker turnaround and effective date of the UDO.
In the meantime, we’re asking you to help get the UDO over the finish line. Here’s how you can reach out to City Council members and let them know that you support the approval of the UDO on Aug. 22.